THE LINGUISTIC VERIFICATION OF LACUNAE BY THE MODERN LACUNOLOGY STUDIES
Lacunology is a new linguistic discipline which is developing today due to new approaches oriented towards research, analysis and experiment. Lacunology studies pertain to an international dimension supporting its status as a new linguistic discipline. Linguistic research has been compiling the terms of lacunology into the registry of lacunicon. Lacunology deals with sociolinguistics, nonverbal semiotics, corpus linguistics and other related linguistic areas. Lacunology focuses on the interpretation of empty spaces in contrasting languages, zero verbalization in written and oral discourse, and null transfer, or the explicit substitutes for the lacunar originals. This article gives the current status of lacunology studies where lacunae are regarded as results of change, innovation, substitution and transfer. The paper has revealed many lacunar linguistic phenomena which can be identified and found in texts and corpus data if lacunae are seen as rare words or hapaxes. It is important to differentiate communicative lacunae (lacunae in speech), paradigmatic lacunae (lacunae in language), and conceptual lacunae (lacunae of cognition). The methods to render lacunae in translation are revealed by the current linguistic study. The methods have been discussed by researchers.
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